Clawford Nature Trail.

Wild Flowers.

Agrimony.

The plant is found abundantly throughout England, on hedge-banks and the sides of fields, in dry thickets and on all waste places. Agrimony belongs to the Rose order of plants, and its slender spikes of yellow flowers are singularly beautiful form of its much-cut-into leaves, make it one of the most graceful of our smaller herbs.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Birds Foot Trefoil.

Grows between 15 to 30cm with yellow pea like flowers.  Rich in nectar, and distinctive 'bird's foot' seed pods.

Food plant of the Common Blue, Clouded Yellow, Wood White, Green Hairstreak, Silver Studded Blue and Dingy Skipper butterflies.

Together with the Six spot Burnet, Chalk Carpet and Straw Belle moths.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Bluebell.

Grows 45 to 60cm tall. The bluebell is a perennial bulb of woodland.

Produces Blue flowers in April and May in the Clawford woods.

Now a protected species.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bugle.

Grows 10 to 15cm tall. Likes shady places and moist soil that stays moist in woods or grassland.

A Low growing, short creeping perennial, produces purple flowers.

The stems are hairy on both sides, the leaves oblong, scarcely toothed, hairless often bronzy.

Flowers are powder blue rarely pink or white, in leafy often purple spike.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mallow.

Upright or spreading perennial of grassy verges and disturbed ground.

Leaves are rounded at base but 5-lobed on stem.

Purple-veined pink flowers, 25 to 40mm across, appear June to October.

Widespread and common in S Britain but scarce elsewhere.

Height up to 1.5m.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

Common Vetch.

Erect, trailing or scrambling annual 15 to 40cm tall, but stems can be up to 1.5metres long.

Variable pink purple flowers June onwards.

 

 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

         

 

Cow Parsley.

A biennial/perennial plant of woodland edges and verges.

Grows to 1.5 metre tall.

White umbels of flowers from late May hence the name "Mayweed".

A rich nectar source for hoverflies and honeybees.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Buttercup.

A very variable perennial with long, creeping and rooting runners.

The leaves are triangular in outline with three deeply toothed segments, the middle one of which is stalked. It differs from the Meadow Buttercup by having a hairy stem. Grows on grassy habitats, including woodland rides and clearings, especially on wet, heavy calcareous or slightly acid clay soils.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Jenny.

Grows 10cm tall, but often creeping stems reach 60cm long.

The bright yellow flowers appear in early April .

Usually found in wet woods or other damp shady places.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

Crow Garlic.

A bulbous perennial to 45cm tall.

Produces Pink, greenish white flowers producing bulbuls April to July.

A native of dry grassy places often on chalk or limestone.

 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cuckoo Flower.

Known also as Lady's Smock.

A hardy perennial which attracts butterflies, Small White and Orange tips.

The appearance of this lovely flower timed with the return of the Cuckoo, one finally knows that spring has finally arrived.

Habitat damp meadows, lake and stream edges.

Grows to 12 to 20" tall.

With its sprays of delicate flowers varying from near white to lilac.

Can be seen from mid April on most lakes around Clawford especially in the wetlands area.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daisy.

The well known daisy of lawns with small white flowers.

Flowers in Spring and throughout the summer.

The food plant of the Red Carpet Moth.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

Dandelion.

Deeply toothed leaves form a flat rosette at the base of the plant, from which several flowering stems emerge 5 to 30cm tall.

Appears April to May.

Found in abundance in grassland and on banks and waste ground.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Devil's Bit Scabous.

Blue-purple flowers, 15-25mm across, Height up to 75 cm. A rich nectar source. A widespread and common perennial of damp grassland and marshes.

Basal leaves are spoon-shaped; those on stem are narrow.

Food plant of the Marsh Fritillary Butterfly & the Narrow Bordered Bee Hawk Moth.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

Dog Rose.

 The Dog Rose grows on all but waterlogged soils to 300 cm high. Tall deciduous shrub with fragrant flowers of pale-pink or white. Grow in full sun. .

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dog Violet.

Grows 10 to 15cm tall with purple flowers.

Food plant of the Silver Washed Fritillary, High Brown Fritillary, Small Pearl Bordered Fritillary, Pearl Bordered Fritillary and Dark Green Fritillary butterflies.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Forget-me-not.

Biennial. Masses of tiny, delicate blue or pink flowers.

They will self-seed everywhere, including between the slabs on a patio and it looks very effective.

Finches may also visit your Forget-me-nots when they are seeding.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Field Scabious.

Grows 30 to 60cm tall with pale blue flowers.

Flowers from July to September.

A good butterfly nectar plant.

The food plant of the Marsh Fritillary Butterfly and the Narrow Bordered Bee Hawk Moth.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Speedwell.

The Field-speedwell is a sprawling plant with stems that are much-branched.

The leaves are a dull greyish-green colour, oval in shape with toothed edges and 5-15 mm wide. The asymmetrical flowers are borne on stalks in the leaf axils. They are usually about 5mm in diameter, bright blue with a white centre, and with the lower lobe occasionally paler.  

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flag Iris.

The stately Iris of water sites grows to be between 40 & 200cm tall.

Unlike many of our garden Irises, the Yellow Flag Iris needs its roots in water but needs full sun. Flowers from June.

Food plant of the Water Ermine, Red Sword Grass, Crescent and Webb's Wainscot moths.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Foxglove.

Grows between 100 and 200cm high with spires of purple red flowers.

Flowers between June and August.

Food plant of the Frosted Orange, Heath Fritillary butterflies, as well as the Lesser Yellow Under-wing and Foxglove Pug Moth.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greater Stitchwort.

The Greater Stitchwort is a common wildflower throughout most of Britain.

It is a pretty flower appearing in woodland and hedgerows in springtime.
The white flowers are 2 - 3 cms across with five deeply-notched petals and five shorter green sepals.
The leaves are long and narrow.
 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hare Bell.

Grows 15 to 30cm tall with dainty blue flowers. Found throughout Britain from damp peat to dry chalk.

Food plant of Northern Rustic and Ashworth's Rustic Moths.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Herb Robert.

Common and widespread.  Grows 10 to 50 cm. tall.

Hairy leaves deeply cut into three or five lobes. Produces loose clusters of pink flowers.

Flowers between April to October with each flower 12 to 15mm across.

Straggling, hairy annual of shady hedgerows, rocky banks and woodlands.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

Honesty.

Honesty is a biennial plant which grows to a height of 30 to 100 cm.

The stem is stiffly hairy, the leaves are coarsely toothed. The flowers are purple or white.

The green seedpods are large, circular and flattened and are firmly attached to the stem.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Horseshoe Vetch.

Decumbent, herbaceous perennial forming a semi-shrub in dry, open places on alkaline soil.

Produces bright yellow flowers, followed by the horseshoe shaped fruits.

Food plant of blue butterflies.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kidney Vetch.

Grows 15 to 30cm tall.

Produces long stems of woolly yellow flowers often tinged red.

A rich source of nectar and main food plant of Small Blue Butterfly and Six Belted Clearwing Moth.

 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

Marsh Mallow.

Grows 40 to 80cm tall.

Produces pink/mauve flowers.

Flowers in August and September.

A good feature plant for moist soil the origin of Marsh mallow sweets.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marsh Marigold.

A stout plant, Produces bright yellow flowers (15-50mm). Known as the 'Kingcup'.

Throws 5 petal-like sepals and many yellow stamens.

The shiny, dark green leaves are large and kidney shaped.

Can be found on the water line of some Clawford lakes, most common on Tanners Lake and Major John's Lakes.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Meadow Buttercup.

Grows between 40 & 100cm tall.

A widespread & abundant perennial of grassland, especially damp and calcareous.

Produces bright yellow flowers about 15 to 25 mm across between April & October.

Rich in nectar and is the food plant of the Bearded Chestnut Moth.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

Meadow Sweet.

 

Grows 60 to 100cm tall with fragrant cream flowers in late summer.

Likes hedge rows.

A food plant of Brown Spot Pinion, Hebrew Character, Powdered Quaker and Emperor moths.

A good nectar source for late flying hoverflies and bees.

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Meadow Vetchling.

Grows 30 to 45cm tall, clambering spreading rapidly by root to form dense ground cover.

Produces yellow flowers from May to August and shiny black seed pods.

Food plant of the Wood White butterfly.

 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ox Eye Daisy.

Grows between 30 to 45 cm. high. A white 'moon' daisy.

A meadow plant which, in fertile soil, will grow magnificently. A good nectar plant.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

Poppy.

An erect annual associated with corn fields. Produces bright scarlet red flowers.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primrose.

The herald of spring, can be seen in profusion in the Clawford woods behind JR's Lake.

Nationally becoming rare as our woods and waysides disappear. Pollinated by night flying insects, moths etc.

Food plant of the Pearl Bordered Yellow Under-wing, Lesser Yellow Under-wing, Double Square Spot, Ingrained Clay, Triple Spotted Clay, Green Arches, Gothic, Riband Wave, Plain Clay and Twin spot Carpet moths.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ragged Robin.

Grows 30 to 45cm tall with bright pink ragged flowers.

Prefers moist dappled shade, and is seen in broad land in masses when trees are felled to let in the light.

Food plant of the Campion and Lychnis Moths.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ragwort.

Common ragwort is a wild yellow flower of wasteland, roadsides and pasture that occurs in every county in the UK.

The natural habitat is sand dunes but it is prevalent on light, low fertility soils and on grassland that is overgrazed.

It is not found on acid peaty soils. Common ragwort does not tolerate regular soil cultivation.  The threshold size varies among populations. The flowers are insect pollinated.
 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Campion.

Grows 30 to 45cm tall.

Produces pink red flowers in May to July.

Food plant of the Campion, Lychnis, Twin Spot Carpet and Marbled Clover moths.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Clover.

Grows 20 40cm tall. Produces red flowers from May to September.

A rich nectar source for bees.

The food plant of the Latticed Heath, Mother Skipton, Tawny Wave, Chalk Carpet and Narrow Bordered five Spot Burnet moths.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

Scarlet Pimpernel.

A widespread and common plant.

Hairless annual of cultivated ground bearing oval leaves on trailing stems.

Red & sometimes blue flowers on slender stalkes are produced from May to October.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

Teasel.

 

Grows between 45 & 200cm high. A stately plant, perhaps not very distinguished in flowering but does attract bees well.

Also attracts to gold finches in Autumn.

 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tufted Forget-me-not.

The Tufted forget-me-not has light blue flowers and are about 1/4 inch across.

This plant grows in damp meadows and stream margins, often the plant is semi-submerged.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

       

 

   

Tufted Vetch.

A clambering perennial, slightly downy with one sided spikes of blue violet flowers. Flowers between June and August.

Produces brown seed pods.

Food plant of the Wood White Butterfly.

 

 

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Forget-me not.

A creeping perennial with upright flowering shoots with narrow leaves.

Found watery habitats on neutral and basic soils.

Grows 12cm and produces curved clusters of sky-blue flowers each 10 mm across.

Flowers from June to September.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Mint.

Grows 30 to 40 cm tall.

Produces pink flowers from June onward.

A creeping perennial with upright flowering shoots with narrow leaves.

Very strong fragrances from all parts of the plant which spreads by long runners.

The food plant of the Water Ermine Moth.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

Welsh Poppy.

Grows 20 to 30cm tall and produces bright yellow petals.

Flowers from June to August.

Found only in South West England and Wales in the wild, although garden escapees appear elsewhere.

Needs moisture and shade.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

White Byrony.

White Bryony is a climbing plant with the help of coiled tendrils which grow from the stalk. The palmate leaves are a dull green. The flowers are a yellow/green colour comprising five hairy petals.

The flowers are followed by shiny red berries. The berries and most of the plant are poisonous.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White Clover.

Grows 10 to 15cm high.

A creeping perennial, with white flowers, often with a hint of pink.

Flowers  from May to November.

Food plant of the Clouded Yellow Butterfly.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

Wild Roses.

Rosa arvensis Looks fabulous when covered with the creamy-white flowers in July-August.

Tolerates wide variety of soils and is only rose for consideration for semi-shady situation.

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Strawberry.

Grows to 10 to 15cm tall, likes drier shade.

A spreading perennial with white flowers and produces small edible fruits.

An excellent ground cover for drier shade.

A food plant of the Grizzled Skipper Butterfly.

Also a food plant for the Annulet, Yellow Shell, Beautiful Carpet, Dark Marbled Carpet and Common Marbled Carpet moths.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow Pimpernel.

A low creeping perennial of damp shady places.

Evergreen with bright yellow flowers from late spring throughout summer, and in woodland a second flowering in autumn after leaves have fallen from trees and light penetrates to the ground.

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D